100 Meter

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Leichtathletik
100 Meter
London 2012 Olympic 100m final start.jpg
Start des 100-Meter-Finales der Männer bei den
Olympischen Spielen 2012 .
Weltrekorde
MännerJamaica Usain Bolt 9.58 (2009)
FrauenUnited States Florence Griffith-Joyner 10,49 [a] (1988)
Olympische Rekorde
MännerJamaica Usain Bolt 9.63 (2012)
FrauenUnited States Florence Griffith-Joyner 10,62 (1988)
Weltmeisterschaftsrekorde
MännerJamaica Usain Bolt 9.58 (2009)
FrauenUnited States Marion Jones 10,70 (1999)

Der 100-Meter- oder 100-Meter- Lauf ist ein Sprintrennen in Leichtathletikwettbewerben . Es ist die kürzeste übliche Laufstrecke im Freien und eine der beliebtesten und prestigeträchtigsten Veranstaltungen im Leichtathletiksport . Es wird seit 1896 bei den Olympischen Sommerspielen für Männer und seit 1928 für Frauen bestritten. Die Weltmeisterschaft 100 Meter wird seit 1983 bestritten.

100-m-Finale der Frauen - Weltmeisterschaft 2015, gewonnen von der jamaikanischen Sprinterin Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce .

Der amtierende 100-m-Olympiasieger oder Weltmeister wird oft als "der schnellste Mann oder die schnellste Frau der Welt" bezeichnet. Christian Coleman und Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce sind die amtierenden Weltmeister ; Usain Bolt und Elaine Thompson sind die Olympiasiegerinnen und -meisterinnen.

Auf einer 400-Meter- Laufstrecke im Freien werden die 100 m auf der Heimgeraden gefahren , wobei der Start normalerweise auf einer Verlängerung festgelegt wird, um ein geradliniges Rennen zu ermöglichen. Unmittelbar vor und zu Beginn des Rennens erhalten die Läufer drei Anweisungen: "Auf die Plätze", "Setzen" und das Abfeuern der Starterpistole . Die Läufer bewegen sich zu den Startblöcken, wenn sie die Anweisung "Auf Ihren Noten" hören. Die folgende Anweisung, um die 'eingestellte' Position einzunehmen, ermöglicht es ihnen, eine effizientere Starthaltung und isometrische Vorspannung einzunehmenihre Muskeln: Dies wird ihnen helfen, schneller zu beginnen. Ein Rennleiter feuert dann die Starterpistole ab, um den Start des Rennens zu signalisieren, und die Sprinter schreiten von den Blöcken vorwärts. Sprinter erreichen normalerweise die Höchstgeschwindigkeit nach 50 bis 60 m. Ihre Geschwindigkeit verlangsamt sich dann in Richtung Ziellinie.

Die 10-Sekunden-Marke war in der Vergangenheit ein Barometer für die Leistung schneller Männer, während die besten Sprinterinnen höchstens elf Sekunden benötigen, um das Rennen zu beenden. Der aktuelle Weltrekord der Männer liegt bei 9,58 Sekunden, der 2009 von Usain Bolt aus Jamaika aufgestellt wurde, während der Weltrekord der Frauen von 10,49 Sekunden, den die Amerikanerin Florence Griffith-Joyner 1988 aufgestellt hat, ungebrochen bleibt. [ein]

Die 100 m (109,361 Yards) ergaben sich aus der Messung der 100 Yards (91,44 m), einer heute nicht mehr existierenden Entfernung, die ursprünglich im englischsprachigen Raum bestritten wurde. Die Veranstaltung findet größtenteils im Freien statt, da nur wenige Inneneinrichtungen eine 100 m lange Gerade haben.

US-Athleten haben den olympischen 100-Meter-Titel der Männer mehr als jedes andere Land gewonnen, 16 von 28 Rennen. US-Frauen haben das Event ebenfalls dominiert und 9 von 21 Siegen erzielt.

Renndynamik [ Bearbeiten ]

Starten Sie [ Bearbeiten ]

Männliche Sprinter warten auf die Anweisungen des Starters

Zu Beginn spielen einige Athleten psychologische Spiele, beispielsweise den Versuch, als Letzter an den Startlöchern zu sein . [3] [4] [5]

Bei hohen Treffern wird die Zeit zwischen der Waffe und dem ersten Tritt gegen den Startblock elektronisch über Sensoren gemessen, die in die Waffe und die Blöcke eingebaut sind. Eine Reaktionszeit von weniger als 0,1 s wird als Fehlstart angesehen . Das 0,2-Sekunden-Intervall gibt die Summe der Zeit an, die das Geräusch der Starterpistole benötigt, um die Ohren der Läufer zu erreichen, und der Zeit, die sie benötigen, um darauf zu reagieren.

Viele Jahre lang wurde ein Sprinter disqualifiziert, wenn er für zwei Fehlstarts einzeln verantwortlich war. Diese Regel erlaubte es jedoch, einige große Rennen so oft neu zu starten, dass die Sprinter anfingen, den Fokus zu verlieren. Die nächste Iteration der Regel, die im Februar 2003 eingeführt wurde, bedeutete, dass ein Fehlstart im Feld zulässig war, aber jeder, der für einen nachfolgenden Fehlstart verantwortlich war, wurde disqualifiziert.

Diese Regel führte dazu, dass einige Sprinter absichtlich falsch starteten, um sich einen psychologischen Vorteil zu verschaffen: Eine Person mit einer langsameren Reaktionszeit konnte falsch starten, was die schnelleren Starter zwang, zu warten und sicher zu sein, die Waffe für den nachfolgenden Start zu hören, wodurch einige davon verloren gingen ihr Vorteil. Um solchen Missbrauch zu vermeiden und das Vergnügen der Zuschauer zu verbessern, hat die IAAF in der Saison 2010 eine weitere Änderung vorgenommen - ein falsch startender Athlet wird jetzt sofort disqualifiziert. [6] Dieser Vorschlag stieß bei seiner erstmaligen Erhebung im Jahr 2005 auf Einwände, da er keinen Raum für unschuldige Fehler lassen würde. Justin Gatlin kommentierte: "Nur ein Zucken oder ein Beinkrampf kann Sie ein Jahr Arbeit kosten." [7]Die Regel hatte dramatische Auswirkungen auf die Weltmeisterschaft 2011 , als der aktuelle Weltrekordhalter Usain Bolt disqualifiziert wurde. [8] [9]

Mid-Race [ Bearbeiten ]

Die Läufer erreichen normalerweise ihre Höchstgeschwindigkeit kurz nach der Hälfte des Rennens und werden in den späteren Phasen des Rennens zunehmend langsamer. Das Aufrechterhalten dieser Höchstgeschwindigkeit so lange wie möglich ist ein Hauptfokus des Trainings für die 100 m. [10] Tempo- und Lauftaktiken spielen auf den 100 m keine bedeutende Rolle, da der Erfolg der Veranstaltung mehr von rein sportlichen Qualitäten und Techniken abhängt.

Beenden Sie [ Bearbeiten ]

Der Gewinner wird gemäß den IAAF-Wettbewerbsregeln vom ersten Athleten ermittelt, dessen Oberkörper (ohne Gliedmaßen, Kopf oder Hals) über der näheren Kante der Ziellinie liegt. [11] Es ist daher nicht erforderlich, dass der gesamte Körper die Ziellinie überquert. Wenn die Platzierung der Athleten nicht offensichtlich ist, wird ein Fotofinish verwendet, um zu unterscheiden, welcher Läufer als erster die Linie überquerte.

Klimabedingungen [ Bearbeiten ]

Klimatische Bedingungen, insbesondere der Luftwiderstand, können die Leistung in den 100 m beeinträchtigen. Ein starker Gegenwind wirkt sich sehr nachteilig auf die Leistung aus, während ein Rückenwind die Leistung erheblich verbessern kann. Aus diesem Grund ist ein maximaler Rückenwind von 2,0 m / s zulässig, damit eine Leistung von 100 m als rekordberechtigt oder "windzulässig" angesehen werden kann.

Darüber hinaus laufen Sprint-Athleten aufgrund der dünneren Luft, die weniger Luftwiderstand bietet, in großen Höhen besser. Theoretisch wäre die dünnere Luft auch etwas schwieriger (aufgrund der das Atmen Partialdruck von Sauerstoff niedriger ist), aber dieser Unterschied ist vernachlässigbar für Sprint Distanzen , wo der gesamte Sauerstoff für den kurzen Strich benötigt wird , ist bereits in den Muskeln und Blut , wenn Das Rennen beginnt. Während es keine Höhenbeschränkungen gibt, sind Leistungen in Höhen über 1000 m über dem Meeresspiegel mit einem "A" gekennzeichnet. [12]

10-Sekunden-Barriere [ Bearbeiten ]

The 10-second mark had been widely been considered a barrier for the 100 metres in men's sprinting. The first man to break the 10 second barrier was Jim Hines at the 1968 Summer Olympics. Since then, numerous sprinters have run faster than 10 seconds.

Ethnicity[edit]

Only male sprinters have beaten the 100 m 10-second barrier, majority of them being of West African descent in particular those descendant from the Atlantic Slave trade. Namibian (formerly South-West Africa) Frankie Fredericks became the first man of non-West African heritage to achieve the feat in 1991 and in 2003 Australia's Patrick Johnson (an Indigenous Australian with Irish heritage) became the first sub-10-second runner without an African background.[13][14][15][16]

In 2010, French sprinter Christophe Lemaitre became the first Caucasian to break the 10-second barrier.[16] In 2017, Azerbaijani-born naturalized Turkish Ramil Guliyev followed[17] and in 2018, Filippo Tortu became the first Italian to run under 10s. In the Prefontaine Classic 2015 Diamond League meet at Eugene, Su Bingtian of China ran a time of 9.99 seconds, becoming the first East Asian athlete to officially break the 10-second barrier. On 22 June 2018, Su improved his time in Madrid with a time of 9.91.[18] On 9 September 2017, Yoshihide Kiryū became the first man from Japan to break the 10-second barrier in the 100 metres, running a 9.98 (+1.8) at an intercollegiate meet in Fukui. British sprinter Adam Gemili, an athlete with an Iranian-Moroccan ethnic background, became the first sprinter of Middle-Eastern and North African ancestry to legally break the barrier on 7 June 2015, having done so earlier in the same season with an excessive wind reading.[19]

Record performances[edit]

Major 100 m races, such as at the Olympic Games, attract much attention, particularly when the world record is thought to be within reach.

The men's world record has been improved upon twelve times since electronic timing became mandatory in 1977.[20] The current men's world record of 9.58 s is held by Usain Bolt of Jamaica, set at the 2009 World Athletics Championships final in Berlin, Germany on 16 August 2009, breaking his own previous world record by 0.11 s.[21] The current women's world record of 10.49 s was set by Florence Griffith-Joyner of the US, at the 1988 United States Olympic Trials in Indianapolis, Indiana, on 16 July 1988[22] breaking Evelyn Ashford's four-year-old world record by .27 seconds. The extraordinary nature of this result and those of several other sprinters in this race raised the possibility of a technical malfunction with the wind gauge which read at 0.0 m/s- a reading which was at complete odds to the windy conditions on the day with high wind speeds being recorded in all other sprints before and after this race as well as the parallel long jump runway at the time of the Griffith-Joyner performance. All scientific studies commissioned by the IAAF and independent organisations since have confirmed there was certainly an illegal tailwind of between 5 m/s – 7 m/s at the time. This should have annulled the legality of this result, although the IAAF has chosen not to take this course of action. The legitimate next best wind legal performance would therefore be Griffith-Joyner's 10.61s performance in the final the next day.[23]

Some records have been marred by prohibited drug use – in particular, the scandal at the 1988 Summer Olympics when the winner, Canadian Ben Johnson was stripped of his medal and world record.

Jim Hines, Ronnie Ray Smith and Charles Greene were the first to break the 10-second barrier in the 100 m, all on 20 June 1968, the Night of Speed. Hines also recorded the first legal electronically timed sub-10 second 100 m in winning the 100 metres at the 1968 Olympics. Bob Hayes ran a wind-assisted 9.91 seconds at the 1964 Olympics.

Continental records[edit]

Updated 7 March 2021.[24]

AreaMenWomen
Time (s)Wind (m/s)AthleteNationTime (s)Wind (m/s)AthleteNation
Africa (records)9.85+1.7Olusoji Fasuba Nigeria10.78+1.6Murielle Ahouré Ivory Coast
Asia (records)9.91+1.8Femi Ogunode Qatar10.790.0Li Xuemei China
+0.6
+0.2Su Bingtian China
+0.8
Europe (records)9.86+0.6Francis Obikwelu Portugal10.73+2.0Christine Arron France
+1.3Jimmy Vicaut France
+1.8
North, Central America and Caribbean (records)9.58 WR+0.9Usain Bolt Jamaica10.49 WR0.0Florence Griffith-Joyner United States
Oceania (records)9.93+1.8Patrick Johnson Australia11.11+1.9Melissa Breen Australia
South America (records)10.00[A]+1.6Robson da Silva Brazil10.91−0.2Rosângela Santos Brazil

Notes[edit]

  • A Represents a time set at a high altitude.

All-time top 25 men[edit]

Usain Bolt breaking the world and Olympic records at the 2008 Beijing Olympics
  • Updated July 2020.[25][26]
RankTimeWind (m/s)AthleteCountryDatePlaceRef
19.58+0.9Usain Bolt Jamaica16 August 2009Berlin[27]
29.69+2.0Tyson Gay United States20 September 2009Shanghai[28]
−0.1Yohan Blake Jamaica23 August 2012Lausanne[29]
49.72+0.2Asafa Powell Jamaica2 September 2008Lausanne[30]
59.74+0.9Justin Gatlin United States15 May 2015Doha[31]
69.76+0.6Christian Coleman United States28 September 2019Doha[32]
79.78+0.9Nesta Carter Jamaica29 August 2010Rieti[33]
89.79+0.1Maurice Greene United States16 June 1999Athens[34]
99.80+1.3Steve Mullings Jamaica4 June 2011Eugene[35]
109.82+1.7Richard Thompson Trinidad and Tobago21 June 2014Port of Spain[36]
119.84+0.7Donovan Bailey Canada27 July 1996Atlanta
+0.2Bruny Surin Canada22 August 1999Seville
+1.3Trayvon Bromell United States25 June 2015Eugene
+1.63 July 2016[37]
149.85+1.2Leroy Burrell United States6 July 1994Lausanne[38]
+1.7Olusoji Fasuba Nigeria12 May 2006Doha
+1.3Mike Rodgers United States4 June 2011Eugene
179.86+1.2Carl Lewis United States25 August 1991Tokyo[39]
−0.7Frankie Fredericks Namibia3 July 1996Lausanne
+1.8Ato Boldon Trinidad and Tobago19 April 1998Walnut
+0.6Francis Obikwelu Portugal22 August 2004Athens
+1.4Keston Bledman Trinidad and Tobago23 June 2012Port of Spain
+1.3Jimmy Vicaut France4 July 2015Saint-Denis[40]
+0.9Noah Lyles United States18 May 2019Shanghai[41]
+0.8Divine Oduduru Nigeria7 June 2019Austin[42]
+1.6Michael Norman United States20 July 2020Fort Worth[43]

More facts about these male runners[edit]

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 9.86:

  • Usain Bolt also holds the world record for the fastest 100 metres with a running start at 8.70 (41 km/h). This was achieved in a 150 metres race during the BUPA Great City Games in Manchester on 17 May 2009, completed in 14.35 (also a world record).[44] He also ran 9.63 (2012), 9.69 (2008), 9.72 (2008), 9.76 (2008, 2011, 2012), 9.77 (2008, 2013), 9.79 (2009, 2012, 2015), 9.80 (2013), 9.81 (2009, 2016), 9.82 (2010, 2012), 9.83 (2008), 9.84 (2010), 9.85 (2008, 2011, 2013) and 9.86 (2009, 2010, 2012, 2016).
  • Tyson Gay also ran 9.71 (2009), 9.77 (2008, 2009), 9.78 (2010), 9.79 (2010, 2011), 9.84 (2006, 2007, 2010), 9.85 (2007, 2008) and 9.86 (2012).
  • Asafa Powell also ran 9.74 (2007), 9.77 (2005, 2006, 2008), 9.78 (2007, 2011), 9.81 (2015), 9.82 (2008, 2009, 2010), 9.83 (2007, 2008, 2010), 9.84 (2005, 2007, 2009, 2015), 9.85 (2005, 2006, 2009, 2012), and 9.86 (2006, 2011).
  • Yohan Blake also ran 9.75 (2012), 9.76 (2012), 9.82 (2011), 9.84 (2012), and 9.85 (2012).
  • Justin Gatlin ran 9.77 in Doha on 12 May 2006, which was at the time ratified as a world record. However, the record was rescinded in 2007 after he failed a doping test in April 2006. He also ran 9.75 (2015), 9.77 (2014, 2015), 9.78 (2015), 9.79 (2012), 9.80 (2012, 2014, 2015, 2016), 9.82 (2012, 2014), 9.83 (2014, 2016), 9.85 (2004, 2013) and 9.86 (2014).
  • Tim Montgomery ran 9.78 in Paris on 14 September 2002, which was at the time ratified as a world record.[45] However, the record was rescinded in December 2005 following his indictment in the BALCO scandal on drug use and drug trafficking charges.[46] The time had stood as the world record until Asafa Powell first ran 9.77.[47]
  • Ben Johnson ran 9.79 in Seoul on 24 September 1988, but he was disqualified after he tested positive for stanozolol after the race. He subsequently admitted to drug use between 1981 and 1988, and his time of 9.83 at Rome on 30 August 1987 was rescinded.
  • Christian Coleman also ran 9.79 (2018), 9.81 (2019), 9.82 (2017), 9.85 (2019), and 9.86 (2019).
  • Maurice Greene also ran 9.80 (1999), 9.82 (2001), 9.85 (1999) and 9.86 (1997, 2000).
  • Trayvon Bromell also ran 9.84 (2016).
  • Nesta Carter also ran 9.85 (2010) and 9.86 (2010).
  • Richard Thompson also ran 9.85 (2011).
  • Ato Boldon also ran 9.86 (1998, 1999).
  • Keston Bledman also ran 9.86 (2015).
  • Mike Rodgers also ran 9.86 (2015).
  • Jimmy Vicaut also ran 9.86 (2016).
  • Steve Mullings is serving a lifetime ban for doping.[48]

Assisted marks[edit]

Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second is not counted for record purposes. Below is a list of the fastest wind-assisted times (9.80 or better). Only times that are superior to legal bests are shown.

  • Justin Gatlin ran 9.45 (+20 m/s) in 2011 on the Japanese TV show Kasupe! assisted by wind machines blowing at speeds over 25 metres per second.[49]
  • Tyson Gay (USA) ran 9.68 (+4.1 m/s) during the U.S. Olympic Trials in Eugene, Oregon on 29 June 2008.[50]
  • Obadele Thompson (BAR) ran 9.69 (+5.7 m/s) in El Paso, Texas on 13 April 1996, which stood as the fastest ever 100 metres time for 12 years.
  • Andre De Grasse (CAN) ran 9.69 (+4.8 m/s) during the Diamond League in Stockholm on 18 June 2017[51] and 9.75 (+2.7 m/s) during the NCAA Outdoor Track and Field Championships in Eugene, Oregon on 12 June 2015.
  • Richard Thompson (TTO) ran 9.74 (exact wind unknown) in Clermont, Florida on 31 May 2014.
  • Darvis Patton (USA) ran 9.75 (+4.3 m/s) in Austin, Texas on 30 March 2013.
  • Churandy Martina (AHO) ran 9.76 (+6.1 m/s) in El Paso, Texas on 13 May 2006.
  • Trayvon Bromell (USA) ran 9.76 (+3.7 m/s) in Eugene, Oregon on 26 June 2015 and 9.77 (+4.2 m/s) in Lubbock, Texas on 18 May 2014.
  • Carl Lewis (USA) ran 9.78 (+5.2 m/s) during the U.S. Olympic Trials in Indianapolis on 16 July 1988 and 9.80 (+4.3 m/s) during the World Championships in Tokyo on 24 August 1991.
  • Maurice Greene (USA) ran 9.78 (+3.7 m/s) in Eugene, Oregon on 31 May 2004.
  • Ronnie Baker (USA) ran 9.78 (+2.4 m/s) during the Diamond League in Eugene, Oregon on 26 May 2018.
  • Andre Cason (USA) ran 9.79 (+5.3 m/s) and (+4.5 m/s) in Eugene, Oregon on 16 June 1993.
  • Walter Dix (USA) ran 9.80 (+4.1 m/s) during the U.S. Olympic Trials in Eugene, Oregon on 29 June 2008.
  • Mike Rodgers (USA) ran 9.80 (+2.7 m/s) in Eugene, Oregon on 31 May 2014 and 9.80 (+2.4 m/s) in Sacramento, California on 27 June 2014.

All-time top 25 women[edit]

Christine Arron (left) wins the 100 m at the Weltklasse meeting.
  • Updated 10 April 2021.[52][53]
RankTimeWind (m/s)AthleteNationDatePlaceRef
110.490.0[a]Florence Griffith-Joyner United States16 July 1988Indianapolis
210.64+1.2Carmelita Jeter United States20 September 2009Shanghai
310.65 [A]+1.1Marion Jones United States12 September 1998Johannesburg
410.70+0.6Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce Jamaica29 June 2012Kingston
+0.3Elaine Thompson Jamaica1 July 2016Kingston[54]
610.72+1.6Sha'Carri Richardson United States10 April 2021Miramar[55]
710.73+2.0Christine Arron France19 August 1998Budapest
810.74+1.3Merlene Ottey Jamaica7 September 1996Milan
+1.0English Gardner United States3 July 2016Eugene[37]
1010.75+0.4Kerron Stewart Jamaica10 July 2009Rome
1110.76+1.7Evelyn Ashford United States22 August 1984Zürich
+1.1Veronica Campbell-Brown Jamaica31 May 2011Ostrava
1310.77+0.9Irina Privalova Russia6 July 1994Lausanne
+0.7Ivet Lalova Bulgaria19 June 2004Plovdiv
1510.78 [A]+1.0Dawn Sowell United States3 June 1989Provo
10.78+1.8Torri Edwards United States26 June 2008Eugene
+1.6Murielle Ahouré Ivory Coast11 June 2016Montverde[56]
+1.0Tianna Bartoletta United States3 July 2016Eugene[37]
+1.0Tori Bowie United States3 July 2016Eugene[37]
2010.790.0Li Xuemei China18 October 1997Shanghai
−0.1Inger Miller United States22 August 1999Seville
+1.1Blessing Okagbare Nigeria27 July 2013London
2310.81+1.7Marlies Göhr East Germany8 June 1983Berlin
−0.3Dafne Schippers Netherlands24 August 2015Beijing[57]
2510.82−1.0Gail Devers United States1 August 1992Barcelona
+1.57 July 1993Lausanne
−0.316 August 1993Stuttgart
+0.4Gwen Torrence United States3 September 1994Paris
−0.3Zhanna Block Ukraine6 August 2001Edmonton
−0.7Sherone Simpson Jamaica24 June 2006Kingston
+0.9Michelle-Lee Ahye Trinidad and Tobago24 June 2017Port of Spain[58]

More facts about these female runners[edit]

  • Florence Griffith-Joyner's world record has been the subject of a controversy due to strong suspicion of a defective anemometer measuring a tailwind lower than actually present;[59] since 1997 the International Athletics Annual of the Association of Track and Field Statisticians has listed this performance as "probably strongly wind assisted, but recognised as a world record".[60] It can be reasonable to assume a wind reading of about +4.7 m/s for Griffith-Joyner's quarter-final. Her legal 10.61 the following day and 10.62 at the 1988 Olympics would still make her the world record holder.[61]

Below is a list of all other legal times equal or superior to 10.82:

  • As well as the 10.61 (1988) and 10.62 (1988) mentioned in the more facts section, Florence Griffith-Joyner also ran 10.70 (1988).
  • Carmelita Jeter also ran 10.67 (2009), 10.70 (2011), 10.78 (2011, 2012), 10.81 (2012), and 10.82 (2010).
  • Marion Jones also ran 10.70 (1999), 10.71 (1998), 10.72 (1998), 10.75 (1998), 10.76 (1997, 1999), 10.77 (1998), 10.78 (2000), 10.79 (1998), 10.80 (1998, 1999), 10.81 (1997, 1998), and 10.82 (1998).
  • Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce also ran 10.71 (2013, 2019), 10.72 (2013), 10.73 (2009, 2019), 10.74 (2015, 2019), 10.75 (2012), 10.76 (2015), 10.77 (2013), 10.78 (2008, 2019), 10.79 (2009, 2015), 10.80 (2019), 10.81 (2015, 2019), and 10.82 (2015).
  • Elaine Thompson Herah also ran 10.71 (2016, 2017), 10.72 (2016), 10.73 (2019), and 10.78 (2016, 2017, 2021).
  • Kerron Stewart also ran 10.75 (2009) and 10.80 (2008).
  • Sha'Carri Richardson also ran 10.75 (2019).
  • Merlene Ottey also ran 10.78 (1990, 1994), 10.79 (1991), 10.80 (1992), and 10.82 (1990, 1993).
  • Veronica Campbell-Brown also ran 10.78 (2010), 10.81 (2012), and 10.82 (2012).
  • Evelyn Ashford also ran 10.79 (1983) and 10.81 (1988).
  • English Gardner also ran 10.79 (2015) and 10.81 (2016).
  • Tori Bowie also ran 10.80 (2014, 2016), 10.81 (2015), and 10.82 (2015).
  • Blessing Okagbare also ran 10.80 (2015).
  • Christine Arron also ran 10.81 (1998).
  • Inger Miller also ran 10.81 (1999).
  • Murielle Ahouré also ran 10.81 (2015).
  • Irina Privalova also ran 10.82 (1992).
  • Gail Devers also ran 10.82 (1993).
  • Gwen Torrence also ran 10.82 (1996).

Assisted marks[edit]

Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second is not counted for record purposes. Below is a list of the fastest wind-assisted times (10.82 or better). Only times that are superior to legal bests are shown.

  • Tori Bowie (USA) ran 10.72 (+3.2 m/s) during the USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships in Eugene, Oregon on 26 June 2015 and 10.74 (+3.1 m/s) during the U.S. Olympic Trials in Eugene, Oregon on 3 July 2016.
  • Tawanna Meadows (USA) ran 10.72 (+4.5 m/s) in Lubbock, Texas on 6 May 2017.
  • Blessing Okagbare (NGR) ran 10.72 (+2.7 m/s) in Austin, Texas on 31 March 2018 and 10.75 (+2.2 m/s) in Eugene, Oregon on 1 June 2013.
  • Marshevet Hooker (USA) ran 10.76 (+3.4 m/s) during the U.S. Olympic Trials in Eugene, Oregon on 27 June 2008.
  • Gail Devers (USA) ran 10.77 (+2.3 m/s) in San Jose, California on 28 May 1994.
  • Ekaterini Thanou (GRE) ran 10.77 (+2.3 m/s) in Rethymno on 29 May 1999.
  • Gwen Torrence (USA) ran 10.78 (+5.0 m/s) during the U.S. Olympic Trials in Indianapolis on 16 July 1988.
  • Muna Lee (USA) ran 10.78 (+3.3 m/s) in Eugene, Oregon on 26 June 2009.
  • Marlies Göhr (GDR) ran 10.79 (+3.3 m/s) in Cottbus on 16 July 1980.
  • Kelli White (USA) ran 10.79 (+2.3 m/s) in Carson, California on 1 June 2001. This performance was annulled in 2003 after she tested positive for modafinil.
  • Pam Marshall (USA) ran 10.80 (+2.9 m/s) in Eugene, Oregon on 20 June 1986.
  • Heike Drechsler (GDR) ran 10.80 (+2.8 m/s) in Oslo on 5 July 1986.
  • Jenna Prandini (USA) ran 10.81 (+3.6 m/s) during the U.S. Olympic Trials in Eugene, Oregon on 2 July 2016.
  • Silke Gladisch (GDR) ran 10.82 (+2.2 m/s) in Rome on 30 August 1987.

Season's bests[edit]

Top 17 junior (under-20) men[edit]

As of 29 March 2020[62]

RankTimeWind (m/s)AthleteNationDatePlaceAgeRef
19.97+1.8Trayvon Bromell United States13 June 2014Eugene18 years, 338 days[63]
210.00+1.6Trentavis Friday United States5 July 2014Eugene19 years, 30 days
310.01+0.0Darrel Brown Trinidad and Tobago24 August 2003Saint-Denis18 years, 317 days
+1.6Jeff Demps United States28 June 2008Eugene18 years, 172 days
+0.9Yoshihide Kiryu Japan28 April 2013Hiroshima17 years, 134 days[64]
610.03+0.7Marcus Rowland United States31 July 2009Port of Spain19 years, 142 days
+1.7Lalu Muhammad Zohri Indonesia19 May 2019Osaka18 years, 322 days[65]
810.04+1.7D'Angelo Cherry United States10 June 2009Fayetteville18 years, 313 days
+0.2Christophe Lemaitre France24 July 2009Novi Sad19 years, 43 days
+1.9Abdullah Abkar Mohammed Saudi Arabia15 April 2016Norwalk18 years, 319 days[66]
1110.05Davidson Ezinwa Nigeria3 January 1990Bauchi18 years, 42 days
+0.1Adam Gemili Great Britain11 July 2012Barcelona18 years, 279 days
+0.6Abdul Hakim Sani Brown Japan24 June 2017Osaka18 years, 110 days[67]
−0.64 August 2017London18 years, 151 days[68]
1410.060.0Sunday Emmanuel Nigeria26 April 1997Walnut18 years, 200 days
+2.0Dwain Chambers Great Britain25 July 1997Ljubljana19 years, 111 days
+1.5Walter Dix United States7 May 2005New York19 years, 116 days
+0.8Phatutshedzo Maswanganyi South Africa14 March 2020Pretoria19 years, 42 days[69]

Notes[edit]

  • Trayvon Bromell's junior world record is also the age-18 world record. He also recorded the fastest wind-assisted (+4.2 m/s) time for a junior or age-18 athlete of 9.77 seconds on 18 May 2014 (age 18 years, 312 days).[70]
  • Yoshihide Kiryu's time of 10.01 seconds matched the junior world record set by Darrel Brown and Jeff Demps, but was not ratified because of the type of wind gauge used.[71]
  • British sprinter Mark Lewis-Francis recorded a time of 9.97 seconds on 4 August 2001 (age 18 years, 334 days), but the wind gauge malfunctioned.[72]
  • Nigerian sprinter Davidson Ezinwa recorded a time of 10.05 seconds on 4 January 1990 (age 18 years, 43 days), but with no wind gauge.[73]

Below is a list of all other legal times equal or superior to 10.06:

  • Abdul Hakim Sani Brown also ran 10.06 (2017).

Top 20 junior (under-20) women[edit]

Updated 5 January 2020[74]

RankTimeWind (m/s)AthleteNationDatePlaceAgeRef
110.75+1.6Sha'Carri Richardson United States8 June 2019Austin19 years, 75 days[75]
210.88+2.0Marlies Göhr East Germany1 July 1977Dresden19 years, 102 days
310.89+1.8Katrin Krabbe East Germany20 July 1988Berlin18 years, 241 days
410.98+2.0Candace Hill United States20 June 2015Shoreline16 years, 129 days[76]
510.99+0.9Ángela Tenorio Ecuador22 July 2015Toronto19 years, 176 days[77]
+1.7Twanisha Terry United States21 April 2018Torrance19 years, 148 days[78]
711.02+1.8Tamara Clark United States12 May 2018Knoxville19 years, 123 days
+0.8Briana Williams Jamaica8 June 2019Albuquerque17 years, 79 days
911.03+1.7Silke Gladisch-Möller East Germany8 June 1983Berlin18 years, 353 days
+0.6English Gardner United States14 May 2011Tucson19 years, 22 days
1111.04+1.4Angela Williams United States5 June 1999Boise19 years, 126 days
+1.6Kiara Grant Jamaica8 June 2019Austin18 years, 243 days[79]
1311.06+0.9Khalifa St. Fort Trinidad and Tobago24 June 2017Port of Spain19 years, 131 days[80]
1411.07+0.7Bianca Knight United States27 June 2008Eugene19 years, 177 days
1511.08+2.0Brenda Morehead United States21 June 1976Eugene18 years, 260 days
1611.09NWIAngela Williams Trinidad and Tobago14 April 1984Nashville18 years, 335 days
1711.10+0.9Kaylin Whitney United States5 July 2014Eugene16 years, 118 days
1811.11+0.2Shakedia Jones United States2 May 1998Westwood19 years, 48 days
+1.1Joan Uduak Ekah Nigeria2 July 1999Lausanne17 years, 224 days
2011.12+2.0Veronica Campbell-Brown Jamaica18 October 2000Santiago18 years, 156 days
+1.2Alexandria Anderson United States22 June 2006Indianapolis19 years, 145 days
+1.1Aurieyall Scott United States24 June 2011Eugene19 years, 37 days
+0.9Ewa Swoboda Poland21 July 2016Bydgoszcz18 years, 361 days

Notes[edit]

  • Briana Williams ran 10.94 s at the Jamaican Championships on 21 June 2019, which would have made her the fourth fastest junior female of all-time.[81] However, she tested positive for the banned diuretic hydrochlorothiazide during the competition. She was determined to be not at fault and received no period of ineligibility to compete, but her results from the Jamaican Championships were nullified.[82][83][84]

Below is a list of all other legal times equal or superior to 10.99:

  • Sha'Carri Richardson also ran 10.99 (2019).

Top 15 Youth (under-18) boys[edit]

Updated 5 January 2020[85]

RankTimeWind (m/s)AthleteCountryDatePlaceAgeRef
110.15+2.0Anthony Schwartz United States31 March 2017Gainesville16 years, 207 days[86]
210.19+0.5Yoshihide Kiryu Japan3 November 2012Fukuroi16 years, 324 days
310.20+1.4Darryl Haraway United States15 June 2014Greensboro17 years, 87 days
+1.5Tlotliso Leotlela South Africa7 September 2015Apia17 years, 118 days[87]
+2.0Sachin Dennis Jamaica23 March 2018Kingston15 years, 233 days[88]
610.22+1.0Abdul Hakim Sani Brown Japan14 May 2016Shanghai17 years, 69 days
710.23+0.8Tamunosiki Atorudibo Nigeria23 March 2002Enugu17 years, 2 days[citation needed]
+1.2Rynell Parson United States21 June 2007Indianapolis16 years, 345 days
910.24+0.0Darrel Brown Trinidad and Tobago14 April 2001Bridgetown16 years, 185 days
1010.25+1.5J-Mee Samuels United States11 July 2004Knoxville17 years, 52 days
+1.6Jeff Demps United States1 August 2007Knoxville17 years, 205 days
+0.9Jhevaughn Matherson Jamaica5 March 2016Kingston17 years, 7 days[89][failed verification]
1310.26+1.2Deworski Odom United States21 July 1994Lisbon17 years, 101 days
−0.1Sunday Emmanuel Nigeria18 March 1995Bauchi16 years, 161 days
1510.27+0.2Henry Thomas United States19 May 1984Norwalk16 years, 314 days[citation needed]
+1.6Curtis Johnson United States30 June 1990Fresno16 years, 188 days
+1.0Ivory Williams United States8 June 2002Sacramento17 years, 37 days
−0.2Jazeel Murphy Jamaica23 April 2011Montego Bay17 years, 55 days
+1.9Raheem Chambers Jamaica20 April 2014Fort-de-France16 years, 196 days[citation needed]

Top 15 Youth (under-18) girls[edit]

Updated 5 January 2020[90]

RankTimeWind (m/s)AthleteNationDatePlaceAgeRef
110.98+2.0Candace Hill United States20 June 2015Shoreline16 years, 129 days[76]
211.02+0.8Briana Williams Jamaica8 June 2019Albuquerque17 years, 79 days
311.10+0.9Kaylin Whitney United States5 July 2014Eugene16 years, 118 days[91]
411.13+2.0Chandra Cheeseborough United States21 June 1976Eugene17 years, 163 days
+1.6Tamari Davis United States9 June 2018Montverde15 years, 159 days
611.14+1.7Marion Jones United States6 June 1992Norwalk16 years, 238 days
−0.5Angela Williams United States21 June 1997Edwardsville17 years, 142 days
811.16+1.2Gabrielle Mayo United States22 June 2006Indianapolis17 years, 147 days
+0.9Kevona Davis Jamaica23 March 2018Kingston16 years, 93 days
1011.17 A+0.6Wendy Vereen United States3 July 1983Colorado Springs17 years, 70 days
1111.190.0Khalifa St. Fort Trinidad and Tobago16 July 2015Cali17 years, 153 days
1211.20 A+1.2Raelene Boyle Australia15 October 1968Mexico City17 years, 144 days
1311.24−1.0Ewa Swoboda Poland4 June 2015Sankt Pölten17 years, 313 days
1411.24+1.2Jeneba Tarmoh United States22 June 2006Indianapolis16 years, 268 days
+0.8Jodie Williams Great Britain31 May 2010Bedford16 years, 245 days

Notes[edit]

  • Briana Williams ran 10.94 s at the Jamaican Championships on 21 June 2019, which would have been a world under-18 best time.[81] However, she tested positive for the banned diuretic hydrochlorothiazide during the competition. She was determined to be not at fault and received no period of ineligibility to compete, but her results from the Jamaican Championships were nullified.[82][83][84]

Below is a list of all other legal times equal or superior to 11.24:

  • Briana Williams also ran 11.13 (2018).
  • Tamari Davis also ran 11.15 (2020).
  • Kevona Davis also ran 11.24 (2017).

100 metres per age category[edit]

The best performances by 5- to 19-year-old athletes from 48 countries

As of 15 August 2020

Para world records men[edit]

Jason Smyth (in lane five) breaking the men's T13 world record at the 2012 Paralympic Games in London.

Updated 20 October 2020[92]

ClassTimeWind (m/s)AthleteNationalityDatePlaceRef
T1110.92+1.8David Brown United States18 April 2014Walnut
T1210.45+1.8Salum Ageze Kashafali Norway13 June 2019Oslo[93]
T1310.46+0.6Jason Smyth Ireland1 September 2012London
T3223.250.0Martin McDonagh Ireland13 August 1999Nottingham
T3316.46+1.3Ahmad Almutairi Kuwait12 May 2015Doha
+1.03 June 2017Nottwil
T3414.46+0.6Walid Ktila Tunisia1 June 2019Arbon
T3511.77+0.4Ihor Tsvietov Ukraine15 November 2019Dubai
T3611.72+0.7James Turner Australia10 November 2019Dubai
T3711.42+0.2Charl du Toit South Africa10 September 2016Rio de Janeiro[94]
T3810.74−0.3Hu Jianwen China13 September 2016Rio de Janeiro[95]
T4212.420.0Anton Prokhorov Russia15 November 2019Dubai
T43vacant
T4411.00+1.1Mpumelelo Mhlongo South Africa11 November 2019Dubai
T4510.94+0.2Yohansson Nascimento Brazil6 September 2012London
T46/4710.42+0.3Petrucio Ferreira dos Santos Brazil12 November 2019Dubai
T5119.71+0.4Peter Genyn Belgium4 September 2020Brussels
T5216.41+0.2Raymond Martin United States30 May 2019Arbon
T5314.10+0.7Brent Lakatos Canada27 May 2017Arbon
T5413.63+1.0Leo-Pekka Tähti Finland1 September 2012London
T6112.73+0.9Ali Lacin Germany3 July 2020Berlin
T6210.54+1.6Johannes Floors Germany10 November 2019Dubai
T6311.95+1.9Vinicius Goncalves Rodrigues Brazil25 April 2019São Paulo
T6410.61+1.4Richard Browne United States29 October 2015Doha

Para world records women[edit]

Updated 12 February 2021[96]

ClassificationTimeWind (m/s)AthleteNationalityDatePlaceRef
T1111.85+1.5Jerusa Geber Santos Brazil27 July 2019São Paulo
T1211.40+0.2Omara Durand Cuba9 September 2016Rio de Janeiro[97]
T1311.79+0.5Leilia Adzhametova Ukraine11 September 2016Rio de Janeiro[98]
T3237.670.0Lindsay Wright United Kingdom25 July 1997Nottingham
T3319.89+0.3Shelby Watson United Kingdom26 May 2016Nottwil
T3416.77+1.4Hannah Cockroft United Kingdom10 November 2019Dubai
T3513.43+0.9Isis Holt Australia19 July 2017London
T3613.68+1.5Shi Yiting China20 July 2017London
T3713.10+1.3Mandy Francois-Elie France24 May 2019Nottwil
T3812.38+1.0Sophie Hahn Great Britain12 November 2019Loughborough
T4214.61−0.2Karisma Evi Tiarani Indonesia13 November 2019Dubai
T4312.80+1.0Marlou van Rhijn Netherlands29 October 2015Doha[99]
T4412.72+0.5Irmgard Bensusan Germany24 May 2019Nottwil[100]
12.72+1.8Irmgard Bensusan Germany21 June 2019Leverkusen
T4514.000.0Giselle Cole Canada2 June 1980Arnhem
T46/4711.95−0.2Yunidis Castillo Cuba4 September 2012London
T5124.69−0.8Cassie Mitchell United States2 July 2016Charlotte
T5218.67+1.7Michelle Stilwell Canada14 July 2012Windsor
T5316.19+1.0Huang Lisha China8 September 2016Rio de Janeiro[101]
T5415.35+1.9Tatyana McFadden United States5 June 2016Indianapolis
T6114.95+1.5Vanessa Louw Australia20 January 2020Canberra
T6212.78+1.0Fleur Jong Netherlands21 August 2020Leverkusen
T6314.59+0.2Ambra Sabatini Italy12 February 2021Dubai
T6412.66+0.5Marlene van Gansewinkel Netherlands24 May 2019Nottwil[100]

Olympic medalists[edit]

Men[edit]

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1896 Athens
details
 Thomas Burke (USA) Fritz Hofmann (GER) Francis Lane (USA)
 Alajos Szokolyi (HUN)
1900 Paris
details
 Frank Jarvis (USA) Walter Tewksbury (USA) Stan Rowley (AUS)
1904 St. Louis
details
 Archie Hahn (USA) Nathaniel Cartmell (USA) William Hogenson (USA)
1908 London
details
 Reggie Walker (RSA) James Rector (USA) Robert Kerr (CAN)
1912 Stockholm
details
 Ralph Craig (USA) Alvah Meyer (USA) Donald Lippincott (USA)
1920 Antwerp
details
 Charley Paddock (USA) Morris Kirksey (USA) Harry Edward (GBR)
1924 Paris
details
 Harold Abrahams (GBR) Jackson Scholz (USA) Arthur Porritt, Baron Porritt (NZL)
1928 Amsterdam
details
 Percy Williams (CAN) Jack London (GBR) Georg Lammers (GER)
1932 Los Angeles
details
 Eddie Tolan (USA) Ralph Metcalfe (USA) Arthur Jonath (GER)
1936 Berlin
details
 Jesse Owens (USA) Ralph Metcalfe (USA) Tinus Osendarp (NED)
1948 London
details
 Harrison Dillard (USA) Barney Ewell (USA) Lloyd La Beach (PAN)
1952 Helsinki
details
 Lindy Remigino (USA) Herb McKenley (JAM) McDonald Bailey (GBR)
1956 Melbourne
details
 Bobby Morrow (USA) Thane Baker (USA) Hector Hogan (AUS)
1960 Rome
details
 Armin Hary (EUA) Dave Sime (USA) Peter Radford (GBR)
1964 Tokyo
details
 Bob Hayes (USA) Enrique Figuerola (CUB) Harry Jerome (CAN)
1968 Mexico City
details
 Jim Hines (USA) Lennox Miller (JAM) Charles Greene (USA)
1972 Munich
details
 Valeriy Borzov (URS) Robert Taylor (USA) Lennox Miller (JAM)
1976 Montreal
details
 Hasely Crawford (TRI) Don Quarrie (JAM) Valeriy Borzov (URS)
1980 Moscow
details
 Allan Wells (GBR) Silvio Leonard (CUB) Petar Petrov (BUL)
1984 Los Angeles
details
 Carl Lewis (USA) Sam Graddy (USA) Ben Johnson (CAN)
1988 Seoul[102][103]
details
 Carl Lewis (USA) Linford Christie (GBR) Calvin Smith (USA)
1992 Barcelona
details
 Linford Christie (GBR) Frankie Fredericks (NAM) Dennis Mitchell (USA)
1996 Atlanta
details
 Donovan Bailey (CAN) Frankie Fredericks (NAM) Ato Boldon (TRI)
2000 Sydney
details
 Maurice Greene (USA) Ato Boldon (TRI) Obadele Thompson (BAR)
2004 Athens
details
 Justin Gatlin (USA) Francis Obikwelu (POR) Maurice Greene (USA)
2008 Beijing
details
 Usain Bolt (JAM) Richard Thompson (TRI) Walter Dix (USA)
2012 London
details
 Usain Bolt (JAM) Yohan Blake (JAM) Justin Gatlin (USA)
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
 Usain Bolt (JAM) Justin Gatlin (USA) Andre De Grasse (CAN)

Women[edit]

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1928 Amsterdam
details
Betty Robinson
 United States
Fanny Rosenfeld
 Canada
Ethel Smith
 Canada
1932 Los Angeles
details
Stanisława Walasiewicz
 Poland
Hilda Strike
 Canada
Wilhelmina von Bremen
 United States
1936 Berlin
details
Helen Stephens
 United States
Stanisława Walasiewicz
 Poland
Käthe Krauß
 Germany
1948 London
details
Fanny Blankers-Koen
 Netherlands
Dorothy Manley
 Great Britain
Shirley Strickland
 Australia
1952 Helsinki
details
Marjorie Jackson
 Australia
Daphne Hasenjager
 South Africa
Shirley Strickland de la Hunty
 Australia
1956 Melbourne
details
Betty Cuthbert
 Australia
Christa Stubnick
 United Team of Germany
Marlene Matthews
 Australia
1960 Rome
details
Wilma Rudolph
 United States
Dorothy Hyman
 Great Britain
Giuseppina Leone
 Italy
1964 Tokyo
details
Wyomia Tyus
 United States
Edith McGuire
 United States
Ewa Kłobukowska
 Poland
1968 Mexico City
details
Wyomia Tyus
 United States
Barbara Ferrell
 United States
Irena Szewińska
 Poland
1972 Munich
details
Renate Stecher
 East Germany
Raelene Boyle
 Australia
Silvia Chivás
 Cuba
1976 Montreal
details
Annegret Richter
 West Germany
Renate Stecher
 East Germany
Inge Helten
 West Germany
1980 Moscow
details
Lyudmila Kondratyeva
 Soviet Union
Marlies Göhr
 East Germany
Ingrid Auerswald
 East Germany
1984 Los Angeles
details
Evelyn Ashford
 United States
Alice Brown
 United States
Merlene Ottey
 Jamaica
1988 Seoul
details
Florence Griffith-Joyner
 United States
Evelyn Ashford
 United States
Heike Drechsler
 East Germany
1992 Barcelona
details
Gail Devers
 United States
Juliet Cuthbert
 Jamaica
Irina Privalova
 Unified Team
1996 Atlanta
details
Gail Devers
 United States
Merlene Ottey
 Jamaica
Gwen Torrence
 United States
2000 Sydney
details
Vacant[104]Ekaterini Thanou
 Greece
Merlene Ottey
 Jamaica
Tayna Lawrence
 Jamaica
2004 Athens
details
Yulia Nestsiarenka
 Belarus
Lauryn Williams
 United States
Veronica Campbell
 Jamaica
2008 Beijing
details
Shelly-Ann Fraser
 Jamaica
Sherone Simpson
 Jamaica
none awarded
Kerron Stewart
 Jamaica
2012 London
details
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
 Jamaica
Carmelita Jeter
 United States
Veronica Campbell-Brown
 Jamaica
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Elaine Thompson
 Jamaica
Tori Bowie
 United States
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
 Jamaica

World Championship medalists[edit]

Men[edit]

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki (details) Carl Lewis (USA) Calvin Smith (USA) Emmit King (USA)
1987 Rome (details) Carl Lewis (USA) Raymond Stewart (JAM) Linford Christie (GBR)
1991 Tokyo (details) Carl Lewis (USA) Leroy Burrell (USA) Dennis Mitchell (USA)
1993 Stuttgart (details) Linford Christie (GBR) Andre Cason (USA) Dennis Mitchell (USA)
1995 Gothenburg (details) Donovan Bailey (CAN) Bruny Surin (CAN) Ato Boldon (TRI)
1997 Athens (details) Maurice Greene (USA) Donovan Bailey (CAN) Tim Montgomery (USA)
1999 Seville (details) Maurice Greene (USA) Bruny Surin (CAN) Dwain Chambers (GBR)
2001 Edmonton (details) Maurice Greene (USA) Bernard Williams (USA) Ato Boldon (TRI)
2003 Saint-Denis (details) Kim Collins (SKN) Darrel Brown (TRI) Darren Campbell (GBR)
2005 Helsinki (details) Justin Gatlin (USA) Michael Frater (JAM) Kim Collins (SKN)
2007 Osaka (details) Tyson Gay (USA) Derrick Atkins (BAH) Asafa Powell (JAM)
2009 Berlin (details) Usain Bolt (JAM) Tyson Gay (USA) Asafa Powell (JAM)
2011 Daegu (details) Yohan Blake (JAM) Walter Dix (USA) Kim Collins (SKN)
2013 Moscow (details) Usain Bolt (JAM) Justin Gatlin (USA) Nesta Carter (JAM)
2015 Beijing (details) Usain Bolt (JAM) Justin Gatlin (USA) Trayvon Bromell (USA)
 Andre De Grasse (CAN)
2017 London (details) Justin Gatlin (USA) Christian Coleman (USA) Usain Bolt (JAM)
2019 Doha (details) Christian Coleman (USA) Justin Gatlin (USA) Andre De Grasse (CAN)

Women[edit]

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki
details
 Marlies Oelsner-Göhr (GDR) Marita Koch (GDR) Diane Williams (USA)
1987 Rome
details
 Silke Gladisch-Möller (GDR) Heike Daute-Drechsler (GDR) Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1991 Tokyo
details
 Katrin Krabbe (GER) Gwen Torrence (USA) Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1993 Stuttgart
details
 Gail Devers (USA) Merlene Ottey (JAM) Gwen Torrence (USA)
1995 Gothenburg
details
 Gwen Torrence (USA) Merlene Ottey (JAM) Irina Privalova (RUS)
1997 Athens
details
 Marion Jones (USA) Zhanna Pintusevich (UKR) Savatheda Fynes (BAH)
1999 Seville
details
 Marion Jones (USA) Inger Miller (USA) Ekaterini Thanou (GRE)
2001 Edmonton
details
 Zhanna Pintusevich-Block (UKR) Ekaterini Thanou (GRE) Chandra Sturrup (BAH)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
 Torri Edwards (USA) Chandra Sturrup (BAH) Ekaterini Thanou (GRE)
2005 Helsinki
details
 Lauryn Williams (USA) Veronica Campbell (JAM) Christine Arron (FRA)
2007 Osaka
details
 Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM) Lauryn Williams (USA) Carmelita Jeter (USA)
2009 Berlin
details
 Shelly-Ann Fraser (JAM) Kerron Stewart (JAM) Carmelita Jeter (USA)
2011 Daegu
details
 Carmelita Jeter (USA) Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM) Kelly-Ann Baptiste (TRI)
2013 Moscow
details
 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM) Murielle Ahouré (CIV) Carmelita Jeter (USA)
2015 Beijing
details
 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM) Dafne Schippers (NED) Tori Bowie (USA)
2017 London
details
 Tori Bowie (USA) Marie-Josée Ta Lou (CIV) Dafne Schippers (NED)
2019 Doha
details
 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM) Dina Asher-Smith (GBR) Marie-Josée Ta Lou (CIV)

See also[edit]

  • 100-yard dash
  • List of 100 metres national champions (men)
  • List of 100 metres national champions (women)
  • Men's 100 metres world record progression
  • Women's 100 metres world record progression
  • 2018 in 100 metres
  • 2019 in 100 metres
  • 2020 in 100 metres

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d It is widely believed that the anemometer was faulty for the race in which Florence Griffith-Joyner set the official world record for the women's 100 m of 10.49 s.[1] A 1995 report commissioned by the IAAF estimated the true wind speed was between +5.0 m/s and +7.0 m/s, rather than the 0.0 recorded.[1] If this time, recorded in the quarter-final of the 1988 U.S. Olympic trials, were excluded, the world record would be 10.61 s, recorded the next day at the same venue by the same athlete in the final.[1][2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Linthorne, Nicholas P. (June 1995). "The 100-m World Record by Florence Griffith-Joyner at the 1988 U.S. Olympic Trials" (PDF). Brunel University. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
  2. ^ "Women's outdoor 100m". All-time top lists. IAAF. 17 September 2011. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
  3. ^ Bob Harris; Ramela Mills; Shanon Parker-Bennett (22 June 2004). BTEC First Sport. Heinemann. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-435-45460-9.
  4. ^ "The Day - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 July 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "IAAF keeps one false-start rule". BBC. 3 August 2005. Retrieved 15 August 2008.
  7. ^ "Gatlin queries false start change". BBC News. 6 May 2005. Retrieved 15 August 2008.
  8. ^ Christopher Clarey (28 August 2011). "Who Can Beat Bolt in the 100? Himself". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  9. ^ "The disqualification of Usain Bolt". IAAF. 28 August 2011. Archived from the original on 14 September 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  10. ^ "Usain Bolt 100m 10 meter Splits and Speed Endurance". Speedendurance.com. 22 August 2008. Retrieved 7 August 2012.
  11. ^ Sandre-Tom. "IAAF Competition Rules 2009, Rule 164" (PDF). IAAF. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 September 2009. Retrieved 23 August 2009.
  12. ^ 100 metres IAAF
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    100 metres
    1. not awarded
    2. Ekaterini Thanou 11.12 and Tayna Lawrence 11.18
    3. Merlene Ottey 11.19
    The IOC did not initially decide to regrade the results, as silver medalist Ekaterini Thanou had herself been subsequently involved in a doping scandal in the run-up to the 2004 Summer Olympics. After two years of deliberation, in late 2009 the IOC decided to upgrade Lawrence and Ottey to silver and bronze respectively, and leave Thanou as a silver medallist, with the gold medal withheld.

External links[edit]

  • IAAF list of 100-metres records in XML
  • All-time men's 100 m list
  • All-time women's 100 m list
  • Olympics 100 m – Men
  • Olympics 100 m – Women